- The years 1876 to 1883
In 1876, the Honourable Gédéon Ouimet
gave up the practice of law to concentrate on politics.
Henri Césaire practiced by himself at 6 St James Street but in 1877, he partnered with C. W. Scallon to form the legal firm of
St Pierre & Scallon at 40 St James Street, then in 1879 at 6 St James Street.
Henri Césaire had always been a liberal in politics although until then, he'd been a clerk or lawyer in the offices of conservative lawyers such as Cartier,
Abbott and Ouimet.
He had avoided becoming involved in politics as long as he'd been in their offices. This no longer being the case since 1877, he ran for office in 1878 in the electoral district of Jacques Cartier and lost. It was the first and last time that he ran for office but not the end of his membership in the Liberal Party.
19 April 1878 was born is son Henri Adolphe Saint-Pierre followed on 24 January by his son Georges Bernardin Saint-Pierre and on 4 December 1881 by his daughter Annette Saint-Pierre.
In 1881, Henri Césaire
moved his family to 17 German. He was a great admirer of the French Canadian liberal poet, Louis Fréchette.
. The afore mentioned was named poet-laureate by the Académie Française. The French Canadian citizens of Holyoke, Massachussetts decided to give a banquet for the poet on 1 February 1882. Henri Césaire accompanied him and gave several speeches. (8)
Henri Césaire loved singing and was a member of the
Gésu choir where he was a soloist. At that time, on certain occasions, masses were done with soloists and orchestras such as the Easter Mass of Benoît Constant Fauconnier and the congregation of this Jesuit church was not limited to the students of the Collège Sainte-Marie of which the Gésu was the chapel.
- The year 1883: De Lorimier
Laurent Olivier David, author on the book on the patriots of 1837-8, began in 1883 the campaign of subscription for the widow and 2 daughters of the patriot notary,
Thomas Chevalier De Lorimier
who had been hanged in 1838 for his participation in the troubles of 1838.
Henri Césaire wanted to do his part for the family of the patriot and took part on 22 May 1883 as soloist at a musical and literary festival under the patronage of the Montreal St John Baptiste Association in the Nordheimer salon the proceeds of the evening to go to the widow of Thomas Chevalier De Lorimier.
He sang in a trio, pieces from the opera “William Tell” as well as a song about the Regiment of Samber and Meuse entitled “The Patriots of '37-38” which had been written by Louis Fréchette for the occasion.
15 August 1883, he and his wife were among the many people who made the trip to L'Assomption to meet Madame De Lorimier and to see the organizing committee give her $1000 in a large ceremony at College de L'Assomption. The boat trip from Montréal was first followed by a High Mass at the church during which Henri Césaire sang O Salutaris Hostia.
Unfortunately, Madame de Lorimier was not up to attending the ceremony in honor of her husband so a small group went to see her at her house. Laurent Olivier David read her a speech which he'd prepared that was so emotional that he could not hold back his tears at the end. It was
Honoré Beaugrand, the owner of the liberal newspaper, La Patrie, who had to give the check to the widow who, due to the emotional shock, fainted. The event planned for the College took place without her and
Henri Césaire sang “The Patriots of '37-8” accompanied on piano by his wife.
was one of the organizers of a banquet given 21 August in honor of Honoré Beaugrand. With others, he gave an impromptu concert after the banquet.
Henri Césaire sang as soloist with the choir of Gésu on 3 October, the Mass of Stéphane Louis Nicou-Choron.
Henri Césaire, , great admirer of the French Republic, was present at and an organizer of a farewell banquet on 20 October at St Laurence Hall in honor of
Auguste Vermond, National Assembly Member for Seine-et-Oise.
That year he practiced law with H. A. Bussières. Their firm,
Saint-Pierre & Bussières was at 29 Saint James Street.
- The year 1884: Miron and the Salvation Army
In 1884, he sang during the Apostolic Delegate's visit the 20th of January, as soloist with the Gésu
Choir the Mass in E Major by Benoît Constant Fauconnier
with orchestra as well as the “Jesu Refugium Nostrum by Wonters. He sang
Les Rameaux by Gabriel Fauré Faure the 21st of February at the Queen's Hall at a big concert given for the benefit of Papal Zouaves. 13 April, Easter Sunday, he sang as a soloist the Mass of
Johann Nepomuk Hummel
in G minor with choir and orchestra and an extract of the solemn mass of Gioacchino Rossini
at the English Office.
That year, his legal firm moved to 35 St. James St. and he moved his family to 12 Berri St. He defended
Tancrède Miron, accused of the murder of his brother-in-law, Adolphe Tessier,
who's trial took place from 6-9 June. He succeeded in demonstrating that the death was not the result of wounds sustained, but the result of the state of health of the victim. The assault itself was insufficient to cause death. The jury returned a verdict of simple assault. The sentence of the accused was 12 months in prison. (11) During this legal term,
Henri Césaire won all of his criminal cases. Among his clients one finds people accused of assault, murder, of rape, of theft, of refusing to take care of the needs of a family, of running a bordello; but this is not always the case: 15 December, he defended, with 3 other lawyers, 4 soldiers of the Salvation Army
accused of having disturbed the peace by their presence on the streets of Montreal. 18 December, he gave a long speech in favor of the afore mentioned. They were all acquitted.
His son Guillaume Saint-Pierre was born 19 August of that year.
- The Year 1885: Riel, Gauthier, Considine
In March 1885, he defended Évariste Leblanc, M.P.P., and
C.A. Corneillier, accused of trying to influence a jury in favor of
He won on a technicality. He was present on 9 March, at a reception in honor of en Honoré Beaugrand, the new mayor of Montréal. He sang on 9 April 1885 at a reception in Queen's Hall to benefit young, blind people. He was also present on 27 April at a splendid banquet given by the new Mayor at City Hall. The banquet was followed by a concert where he sang. 21 June, he was a soloist at Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague
where the Easter Mass of Benoît Constant Fauconnier was sung with orchestra.
On 5 August, he was a promoter of a banquet in honor of the City Attorney,Léandre Ethier,captain of the 65th Battalion from the campaign against the revolt of the metis in the west. 10 August, a committee was created to gather promoters to bring the case of
Louis Riel, chief of the metis an appeal and he was on the committee. He spoke briefly at a public assembly on 16 August at the Papineau Market and was one of many speakers there. He was one of the authors of an open letter published 28 October. But
Louis Riel was executed anyway. He gave a final speech on this subject at a meeting to dissolve the committee 19 November Champ-de-Mars.
From 7-15 December, he defended with the attorney Denis Barry a young man named
Napoléon Gauthier who had been accused of the murder of
William David Monteith with his young brother
Pierre Gauthier and his friends,
Antoine and Jean Baptiste Poineau.
The accused's version of the event and that of the victim's family were contradictory. Henri Césaire was able to prove, in an ingenious fashion, that one of the Crown witnesses had perjured himself because it would have been impossible to have seen the event from where he swore that he was. That the young people were peaceful while the Monteiths
were fighters and liars; that it was actually the young people who had been attacked and followed for a good distance and had only defended themselves. N The jury took 20 minutes to deliberate; the accused was found not guilty as well as the three other defendants. (13)
Henri Césaire also defended that year
Martin Considine, accused of the murder of Constable
John Malone, again with attorney
Denis Barry and with J. J. Curran, M.P.
Le premier procès, qui eut lieu le 16 septembre, fut avorté parce que qu'un juré
venait d'être exposé à un cas de variole; le second,
qui eut lieu des 17 au 21 septembre,
fut également avorté cette fois parce qu'un des jurés tomba malade.
Le troisième procès eut lieu à la session suivante du 9 au 12 novembre et
se termina par un acquittement de l'accusé après des discours remarquables de
Henri Césaire et l'avocat Curran.
The first trial, which took place on 16 September, was aborted because one of the jury members had just been exposed to smallpox; the second, which took place 17-21 September was also aborted this time because one of the jury members became ill. The third trial took place during the next session from 9-12 November and ended with an aquittal of the accused after remarkable discourse by Henri Césaire and attorney Curran. . The judge himself remarked to the jury that the witness did not agree on the facts and that the accused had the benefit of the doubt as to knowing if it was actually he who had thrown the brick that had killed the officer. The jury only deliberated a few minutes. (14)
- The Year 1886
Henri Césaire sang at a gala on 27 January 1886 benefitting the Cercle National français. With his wife, he attended a reception at city hall on 8 February given by
at the time of his reelection as mayor of Montreal. On 11 May 1886, his legal firm welcomed another associate, Arthur P. Globensky, thereby becoming
Saint-Pierre Globensky & Bussières.
Henri Césaire sang at a benefit concert for the singer Lefebvre on 9 June in the Nordheimer Hall. He sang Allelujah of Love and the duet The Crucifix by Gabriel Fauré.
On 16 June, he defended
Patrick Munday Monday accused of an escape attempt during the revolt at Saint-Vincent-de-Paul
Penitentiary on 24 April and he was found innocent by the jury. On 18 June, he defended John McCloskey, accused receiving stolen goods;
He was found not guilty by the jury. He again defended the Salvation Army
accused of making a noise by singing hymns in the public way thereby disturbing the peace with their singing. The decision was that the goal of the noise was not to disturb the peace and therefore, the accused was not guilty. From 3-6 November, he defended Napoléon Labbé accused of having robbed the National Bank of $11,860 with the lawyers
Guérin and Greenshields. His address was considered brilliant. The jury found his client not guilty.
- L'année 1887: Cousineau et Carroll
Henri Césaire sang at a benefit concert for the Canadian Club on 3 January in Queen's Hall, the aria “Toreador” by
with Émery Lavigne on piano. On 20 January, he signed a petition asking the Honourable
John J. C. Abbott to run for mayor of Montreal. He and his wife were present at city hall on 12 February at the reception of the Governor-General and his wife. On a sad note, he went to the funeral of Elisabeth Dugal, widow
of Olivier Loranger, maternal grandmother of his wife
Albina Lesieur, who died after falling through a trap door left open mistakenly at Notre Dame Church. On a happier note, he was a promoter of and present at a banquet in honor of the departing mayor of Montreal, FONT COLOR=BLUE>Honoré Beaugrand. He was a soloist at the for the Easter service on 10 April.
On 29 April a formation of a new legal firm was announced, Saint-Pierre Globensky & Poirier
at 35 St James Street after A. E. Poirier joined them and the attorney H. C. Bussières left the firm. 14 June, his 11 month old daughter, Marguerite Rose Amélie, died. 22 August, he sang The Credo by Gabriel Fauré
Faure at a gala soiree on a steamboat benefitting the Maison de Refuge. 23 August, he was invited to a ball on board the French warship, La Minerve, and the next evening there was a reception at city hall in honor of the officers of La Minerve. He sang there also.
Among the civil and criminal trials of the year, one must mention that of Albina Cousineau, young servant, accused of having stolen, during the night of 12 May, the sum of $50, from the bedroom of her boss, the notary Brault, in Pointe Claire. The accusation also said that the theft had been perpetrated the instigation of her uncle, Alexandre Cousineau. . He succeeded in demonstrating that the statements of the young girl had only been made after all sorts of promises and threats and therefore were invalid. Besides that, her uncle, who according to the accusation, had received the money from her that night, was at the time, in another village. The jury acquitted her and her uncle.
He then defended Terence Carroll,
a butcher at the Saint Anne Market, accused of the murder of
Dennis O'Connor, also butcher there.
The trial took place 21-25 September. In his plea, Henri Césaire affirmed that everyone agreed that the accused had a good reputation and was a peaceful man. And no one had seen the accused attack the victim with a knife. Without counting that he was in his 80's and weak and that it was no impossible that the afore mentioned could have used the knife if he had used the knife, in a case of legitimate self defence. That the accused and the victim had argued, was agreed. The accused was found guilty of manslaughter, that is, an unpremeditated homicide, and not of murder and was sentenced to 2 years at Saint Vincent de Paul Penitentiary, where he died shortly thereafter.
Henri Césaire defended
Homer Gaspard Bussière, accused of the attempted murder of Pierre Hamelin on 10 September. The trial took place 18-19 November. It was proved that the victim had attacked the accused and the accused was acquitted.
- The Year 1888: the Detectives and Caza
Henri Césaire sang at a big concert organized by
Charles Labelle on 19 January. He lost the case of Donald Downie, accused of perjury. He sang at a sacred concert in the academic hall of the Gésu on 2 February and at a benefit concert at Queen's Hall for Labelle, on 2 April at a concert organized by Miss Tessier and Miss
It was on 14 March that a black period started for Henri Césaire with the trial of three men accused of having stolen, Sunday 30 October, the amount of $1320 from the vault at the Bonaventure Station.
Henri Césaire initially defended the detective
John Fahey, owner of his own detective agency until then well thought of in Montreal, with D. Barry,
A. Globensky and E. N. Saint-Jean.
The trial took place 14-26 March; the accused was found guilty and sentenced by the judge George Baby Baby to 14 years.
Henri Césaire then defended the detective,
Louis Naegelé, employed by the agent of the afore mentioned, with D. Barry et A. Globensky.
. The trial took place 18-25 May; the accused was again found guilty and sentenced by the judge, Baby, to 10 years.
Henri Césaire defended a constable of the Grand Trunk railroad company,
Joseph Bureau, on duty at the Bonaventure Station the day of the theft with D. Barry. The trial took place from 1-5 June. Again, the accused was found guilty and was sentenced by Judge Baby to 7 years.
The selection of the mixed jury, 6 Francophones and 6 Anglophones, in the case of the trial of
John Fahey was long and difficult because the local press had already decided on the guilt of the accused. Henri Césaire
tried in every way possible to assure that his client's jury was truly impartial.
It was clear that on the day of the theft, the detectives
Fahey and Naegelé Majorly had been to the Bonaventure Station several times. Their reason for being there was that they were looking for a man who's description they'd received.
Joseph Bureau, as we have seen, was on duty that day. The detectives stationed themselves regularly at the station to watch the comings and goings of travellers and their presence was considered perfectly normal. The three knew each other well and were seen together many times.
Un télégraphiste ainsi qu'un jeune messager affirmèrent que les trois hommes agirent
de façon étrange ce jour-là, cherchant à éloigner le jeune messager des environs de la
voûte et à cacher la vue de la voûte au télégraphiste, comme s'ils savaient qu'il s'y
passait quelque chose de louche.
Also at the station that day was an American named Frank Wilson Wilson who claimed to be a detective. The theft from the vault wasn't discovered until the following morning. Two of the five locked wood boxes in which were placed the receipts of the day had been sawed open in place to remove the contents. These had been seen in good condition on Sunday at around 8 o'clock. On 8 November, the stolen bags were found in a ravine. The money was never recovered.
Frank Wilson et les trois accusés s'étaient rencontrés à plusieurs
reprises avant et après le vol. En effet, une méthode utilisée par les détectives comme
John Fahey et Louis Naegelé
consistait à se faire passer pour criminels par ceux qu'ils soupçonnaient d'en
être pour ensuite les faire arrêter en fragrant délit par la police qu'ils avaient
alors prévenus. Et ceux-ci, jurèrent-ils, voulaient prouver que
Frank Wilson était effectivement un criminel. Ils étaient donc
en train de préparer un vol avec lui. Frank Wilson quant à lui,
affirma qu'il s'était fait passer pour un criminel afin d'attrapper les autres en
flagrant délit. Et à un certain moment il décida d'accuser les trois prisonniers
auprès de la police du Grand Tronc. Grand Trunk hired the detective Flynn de Détroit
pour pincer avec Frank Wilson ceux qu'il avait déclaré être
les coupables. Pour ce faire, il lui fit intercepter des lettres incriminantes
qui lui étaient adressées et qui étaient,
disait-il, de Fahey. L'écriture des lettres était en effet
semblable à celle de Fahey. Après cela, il lui fit rencontrer
les trois prisonniers à plusieurs reprises. Ces derniers crurent que
Flynn était de la même trempe que
Wilson et continuèrent à jouer leur jeu. Finalement,
Flynn avertit la police et les trois hommes furent arrêtés
Henri Césaire was completely convinced that the three accused were innocent and had been the victims of a scam; that the one responsible for the theft was Franck Wilson, who had set them up to be accused of the theft while they themselves were trying to prove that he was the criminal.
The problem was that
Bureau Bureau had confessed to the theft after having been seen in his cell the night of the arrest by Flynn and
Wilson, both together and separately. What had led
Bureau to confess to this crime and to incriminate the other two has never been elucidated unless it was that they'd made him drink a large quantity of alcohol, although he'd not appeared drunk to the one who took his confession, the same who had also taken
Albina Cousineau's. Cette coïncidence fut très malheureusement
notée de façon très peu diplomatique par Henri Césaire durant
le procès, et il dut par la suite avouer qu'il avait été injuste envers ce dernier.
Cette sortie fut certainement préjudiciable à l'accusé.
Les trois accusés ont tous par la suite juré de leur innocence et
Wilson a toujours refusé de venir à Montréal pour témoigner,
à moins d'avoir un sauf-conduit. Il est probable que ce dernier aurait été arrêté
pour avoir participé au vol et que la Couronne considérait qu'il avait vendu ses
Malgré tous les
doutes que le comportement de ce dernier auraient dû causer, et malgré le fait
que la défense montra qu'un individu dont la photo semblait être celle de
Wilson avait été en prison aux États-Unis pour faux,
la confession intiale, les lettres, le témoignage de Flynn
décidèrent les jurés.
All of the explanations of the movements of the three men meant nothing, andHenri Césaire was very disappointed with the decisions of these three trials. He had hoped each time to obtain a favorable verdict, but without success, despite his talent.
Henri Césaire was elected a member of the council of the bar of Montreal 1 May and presented the metis speaker Gabriel Dumont
on 12 May. He wrote a letter to the Attorney-General of the Province of Quebec Arthur Turcotte in response to the invitation of the Prime Minister to suggest amendments to him that he believed would be useful to the Code of Civil Procedure and was published in the newspaper “La Patrie” on 29 May.
4 August of that year was born his daughter Juliette Saint-Pierre.
On 21-22 September, he defended John Humble,
accused of the attempted murder of Thomas Miners. The accused was found guilty only of the third charge, that is, having feloniously discharged a pistol with the intent of grievous bodily harm. 21 December he made a speech on behalf of his partner
A. E. Poirier, candidate for the National Party in the sector of Montreal East, who unfortunately, was defeated.
Henri Césaire defended, with C. A. Geoffrion, F. X. Dupuis
and his associate A. E. Poirier, a young man who had just returned from the U S after having made his fortune,
Alexis H. Caza, accused of the murder by gunshot, of the hotelier,
Joseph Pilon at Côteau-Landing. . The trial took place 22 September through 2 October. It was demonstrated that the accused had fired in legitimate defense after having warned the victim that he would shoot if he continued to approach him to attack him. He had shot him in the dark, and so could not aim very well. It was his associate . The trial took place 22 September through 2 October. It was demonstrated that the accused had fired in legitimate defense after having warned the victim that he would shoot if he continued to approach him to attack him. It was his associate A. E. Poirier who did the summing up of the case for the defense, summing up which was considered to have been remarkable. The jury found the accused not guilty and applause broke out in the courtroom. (20)
Quoiqu'il n'avait pas fait le plaidoyer, Henri Césaire avait
dans une large mesure dirigé la défense lors de ce procès. Le fait qu'il semblait avoir
retrouvé ses moyens amena un ami à lui écrire les vers suivants (The name Saint-Pierre is French for Saint Peter):
We have to admit that in Heaven and on earth
We have two powerful St. Peters:
One sits by the brilliant gate of Heaven:
The other, at the iron gates of our prisons.
There's the resemblance;
But when it comes to what they can guarantee to their own,
What then is the difference?
gets them in, the other gets them out!
He was a promoter and guest at a big banquet on 18 October in honor of the captain of the 65th Battalion, Léandre Éthier,
attorney for the city of Montreal, on the occasion of his marriage. He was seated at the head table and actively participated in the festivities.
He was also a soloist at the Gésu on All Saints' Day and the Christmas Mass.
- The Year 1889: Bensen, Mc Grath
Henri Césaire defended, with the lawyer
Cook, a Norwegian, John Bensen,
accused having shot his wife Bridget Doyle wife to death the 30th of December 1888. The accused had surrendered to the police immediately afterward and was arrested on the spot. The trial took place from the 13th to the 16th of March 1889. L'accusé
lui-même affirma avoir tué son épouse. De cela il n'y avait aucun doute. Que le
meurtre avait été prémédité, il n'y avait encore une fois aucun doute: il avait
eu à chercher l'arme et à la charger. Mais, et là est le point essentiel, il
n'avait agi qu'après que son fils lui ait catégoriquement affirmé que son
épouse avait eu des relations avec un autre homme dans le lit conjugal. De plus,
ce n'était pas la première fois: son épouse couchait avec le premier venu une fois
ivre. Le fait que l'accusé avait en quelque sorte vengé son honneur en tuant sa femme
adultère, fit qu'il fut trouvé non-coupable par le jury de douze hommes.
The following day,
Henri Césaire received this quartet:
For this new success which he adds to so many others,
I come to congratulate the Sanctum Petrum
Thanks to him Sir Benson becomes an apostle,
"Non licet omnibus adire corinthum".
On 18 March, with the lawyer, McCormick, he defended
Luther T. McGrath, accused of the murder of Billy Holden on 9 February. The accused had been highly provoked. Henri Césaire offered a plea of manslaughter in the name of the accused. Council for the Crown accepted and the jury brought in the verdict asked for. The judge condemned him to 14 years in the penitentiary.
Henri Césaire, , his wife, and a niece were present on 27 May at a reception for the 65th Battalion on the occasion of the anniversary of the engagement of the Butte des Français against the rebels at the time of the revolt of Louis Riel. He was in court from 10-14 September to defend Michael Mulcahy, accused of rape. His defence was eloquent as usual but his client was found guilty and condemned to 14 years in the penitentiary.
On 15 October he was named president of the French Canadian Philharmonic Society and was invited to a banquet given by Joseph Hudon au choeur
Notre-Dame to the Choir of Notre Dame in which he had been a member at the beginning. He sang on All Saints' Day at the Gésu. He sang The Night by
Gounod at a concert given by Mr Labelle
on 4 December at the Cabinet de Lecture Paroissial. He was also present at a banquet at the Hotel Richelieu to celebrate the marriage of his colleague,
- The Year 1890: Vaugham and Filiatrault
The government of Ottawa announced on 11 January that
Henri Césaire C had been named Queen's Council. Notice that by the 5th of February he had still not had his commission read in Superior Court and he had not yet registered it 30 January, the Jesuit fathers had gathered the members of the choir and the orchestra of the Gésu to a banquet. Henri Césaire gave a short speech as he was president of the choir.
Henri Césaire represented the company T W Ellis in the case where Harry Philips
was accused of stealing $14,000 in jewels owned by this company with the help of Andrew Maloney under circumstances of a card game with the representative Von Reinholtz.
The trial took place from 6-13 March. The two accused were acquitted.
He defended John E. Vaughan accused of bigamy. The trial took place 18-22 March. The accused was found guilty. This trial demonstrated clearly that the eloquence of Henri Césaire
did not suffice for winning a trial. The accused was sentenced on 26 March to 7 years in the penitentiary, the maximum possible, by the Judge George Baby while Henri Césaire was replaced in court by Mr Crankshaw as he was pleading another case.
. This affair took an unforseen turn. The accused, before his sentence was pronounced by the judge, had stated, according to the report of La Patrie, that “his defence had not been done the way it should have been done. At first he been assured that the matter was not serious."
The next day,
Henri Césaire denounced in court, the author of this article and forcefully stated that the author had very badly interpreted the words of the condemned and did not know his job. An article in the same newspaper on 27 March stated that the condemned had definitely stated that his defence was weak, but he had not blamed his lawyer, “a distinguished criminal lawyer”. Published on the same page a letter from the reporter himself, A. Filiatrault,
very angry, because Henri Césaire C had said in court that the reporter did not understand English well enough to report exactly what was said should be censured. In this letter, the reporter affirmed that he knew English as well as Mr Saint-Pierre and spoke it infinitely better without mixing up verb tenses.
Henri Césaire C's turn to write a letter in response published in La Patrie on 28 March, making several points, one of which was that the condemned had thanked him effusively; that the text of the reporter allowed one to believe that he had given him a false sense of security and as a natural result, the defence would have been weak; it was neither more nor less than a bitter reproach from von to his defender. He added “the words that he really said were not words of blame adressed to his defender; to the contrary.” He finished by asking the reporter in future to translate but use no fantasy or imagination or if it's easier of more pleasant for you to not be the slave of original versions. He finished his letter with “try not at least to throw insinuations at your friends which do not benefit them and with the few observations that you will take in good faith, I hope, I finish by saying to you as our friend Ducharme, goodby and no hard feelings.”
Le premier mai, Henri Césaire fut nommé syndic à
l'Assemblée annuelle du Barreau de Montréal. Le journal rapportait de plus
qu'il avait assisté à toutes les réunions du conseil dont il faisait partie.
On Pentecost, 26 May, he sang at the Gésu the solemn mass of Louis Neidermeyer.